Geology is the study of the Earth, its structure, composition, history, and the processes that have shaped it over time. It is an interdisciplinary field that draws on aspects of physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics to understand the Earth’s physical and biological systems.

Geologists study a wide range of Earth materials and processes, such as rocks, minerals, fossils, earthquakes, volcanoes, glaciers, oceans, and atmospheric processes. They use a variety of techniques and tools, such as field observations, laboratory experiments, and computer simulations, to study these materials and processes and to develop models that explain how they have evolved over time.

The insights gained from geology have many practical applications, including natural resource exploration and extraction, environmental management, hazard mitigation, and land-use planning. Geology is also important for understanding the history of life on Earth and for studying the geology of other planets in our solar system and beyond.

Back to top button